By Jasper Ridley
From the coming of Henry Tudor and his military, at Milford in 1485, to the dying of the good Queen Elizabeth I in 1603, this used to be an astonishingly eventful and contradictory age. the entire strands of Tudor lifestyles are accrued in a wealthy tapestry - London and the rustic, costumes, furnishings and foodstuff, shuttle, drugs, activities and pursuits, grand tournaments and the good flowering of English drama, juxtaposed with the stultifying narrowness of peasant existence, bad roads, an enormous underclass, the cruel therapy of heretics and traitors, and the distress of the Plague.
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Additional resources for A Brief History of the Tudor Age
Owen was eventually clapped into prison, and Katherine was forced to retire to a convent, where she died at an early age; but before this, they had had three sons and one daughter. When Henry VI became old enough to exercise the royal power himself he released Owen from prison. Henry maintained very friendly relations with his Tudor half-brothers, and created Edmund Tudor, the eldest son of Owen and Katherine, Earl of Richmond. The children of the Queen Mother by a subsequent marriage to a commoner had of course no claim at all to the throne; but Edmund Tudor married Lady Margaret Beaufort, who was the great-granddaughter of King Edward III’s son, John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, by John of Gaunt’s mistress, Katherine Swynford.
Stanley had a secret meeting with Henry Tudor at Atherstone, but had not yet definitely made up his mind on which side he and his men would fight. On the morning of Monday 22 August, the armies of Richard and Henry fought a battle which was named the Battle of Bosworth from the nearby village of Market Bosworth. There has recently been some dispute over the site of the battle, but it was almost certainly at the foot of Ambion Hill, about half a mile west of Sutton Cheney. As Richard’s men charged down the hill, Henry’s brave and seasoned soldiers had difficulty in holding their ground against a force about twice their size.
His original plan was to march as quickly as possible towards London to encourage the people to rise in his support; but he heard at Milford Haven that Sir Walter Herbert, who supported Richard, was at Carmarthen with an army, barring his road to England and preparing to advance on Milford Haven. He did not wish to fight a battle until more supporters had joined him, so he marched north, along the shores of Cardigan Bay, till he reached Machynlleth. Despite his Welsh origin, very few Welshmen joined him.
A Brief History of the Tudor Age by Jasper Ridley