A Combinatorial Theory of Possibility - download pdf or read online

By D. M. Armstrong

ISBN-10: 0521374278

ISBN-13: 9780521374279

ISBN-10: 0521377803

ISBN-13: 9780521377805

David Armstrong's booklet is a contribution to the philosophical dialogue approximately attainable worlds. Taking Wittgenstein's Tractatus as his aspect of departure, Professor Armstrong argues that nonactual chances and attainable worlds are recombinations of really latest components, and as such are important fictions. there's a longer feedback of the alternative-possible-worlds strategy championed by means of the yank thinker David Lewis. This significant paintings can be learn with curiosity by way of a variety of philosophers.

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Extra resources for A Combinatorial Theory of Possibility

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In the development of its principles, a political conception does not attend at all to the premises and principles of reasonable comprehensive views; it draws rather from ideas implicit in democratic culture. Once the principles and ideas of a political conception are fully developed, the idea of overlapping consensus is invoked to explain how the political conception can be stable in the face of reasonable pluralism. How is it possible for the freestanding political conception to be supported by disparate conceptions of the good so that people who affirm these conceptions can be rationally motivated to do what the political conception requires?

So while Kantians may affirm a liberal political conception for reasons of autonomy (as congruence suggests), reasonable utilitarians might affirm a liberal conception if they believe that it indirectly promotes overall utility; moreover, reasonable Catholics may affirm the same political conception on grounds that it expresses God’s natural laws, and pluralists can endorse it on grounds that the reasons it provides are sufficient for purposes of justification without the need to appeal to some more abstract comprehensive view.

For it is much more difficult for those who end up worse off in a utilitarian society to willingly accept their situation. Given what we know about human nature, the person is rare who can freely and without resentment sacrifice his or her life prospects so that those who are better off can have even greater comforts, honors, and enjoyments. This is too much to demand of our capacities for human benevolence. Besides, why should we want to encourage such subservient dispositions and the accompanying lack of self-respect?

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A Combinatorial Theory of Possibility by D. M. Armstrong

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