By Dan Stober
No espionage case in fresh a long time has been whatever just like the Wen Ho Lee affair. As Dan Stober and Ian Hoffman describe in "A handy Spy," an astonishingly inept research of a criminal offense which may by no means have happened led to a countrywide shame. A weapons-code scientist at Los Alamos nationwide Laboratory, Lee used to be hunted as a secret agent for China, indicted on fifty-nine counts, and held in detention for 9 months as a chance to the complete country. yet after pleading accountable to only one count number, he went domestic -- with an strange and emotional apology from a federal pass judgement on. Prosecutors' claims that Lee had stolen America's "crown jewels" of nuclear safety easily evaporated. but Lee's explanations have by no means been satisfactorily defined, and his often-repeated excuse that he was once simply backing up his paintings documents doesn't face up to scrutiny. As Stober and Hoffman file, Lee's lies and his unexplained connections to overseas scientists spanned eighteen years. He used to be a safety nightmare. Tapping at his keyboard, he assembled a personal number of the pc courses used to layout America's nuclear guns, then left them at risk of hackers and international intelligence providers for years. The FBI's belated discovery that he had additionally positioned the codes on moveable cassette tapes introduced a frenzied around the world seek that finally carried brokers to the Los Alamos landfill. And but this present day, the tapes have by no means been discovered. In 1995, Lee was once simply one other American, a Taiwanese immigrant striving to help a kin he loved and to make a reputation for himself in clinical circles. Unknown to him, despite the fact that, scientists operating within the mystery international of nuclear-weapons intelligence tested purloinedChinese files, studied secret agent experiences, and puzzled: Had China stolen the secrets and techniques of the W88, America's such a lot complicated nuclear weapon? medical hunches quickly advanced right into a felony research aimed toward Lee. He were overheard by means of the FBI whereas telephoning a undercover agent suspect, and he used to be warmly embraced by way of a high-ranking chinese language nuclear-weapons respectable whom he wasn't purported to be aware of. The FBI famous that he was once "ethnic Chinese." And during this doubtful interval after the chilly battle, many politicians performed up China as a threatening new enemy. power Secretary and vice presidential hopeful invoice Richardson used to be desirous to hearth Lee and seem decisive in conserving nationwide safety. during this stormy confluence of intelligence and politics, Lee grew to become a handy secret agent. yet used to be he responsible? Dan Stober and Ian Hoffman inform the tale of the Wen Ho Lee fiasco dramatically and authoritatively, supplying an aim account that no partisan model of the tale can fit.
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Extra resources for A Convenient Spy: Wen Ho Lee and the politics of nuclear espionage
59 Vermont was a revealing but exceptional case. Even the partial liberalization of voting requirements was by no means universal: in five states, there was little or no change at all. Rhode Island and Delaware retained their colonial laws, with relatively little public turmoil; Connecticut did the same, despite pressure for reform from militiamen, among others. 61 Throughout the revolutionary period, the Bay State was wracked by regional and ideological conflict: the relatively conservative established leadership of its eastern counties squared off repeatedly against more radical and democratic factions centered in the west.
In the Empire State, despite the activism of New York City’s already enfranchised artisans, the conservative Whigs who dominated state politics preserved property requirements for voting for all offices. Yet the requirement was reduced (to a twenty-pound freehold or a forty-shilling tenancy) for elections to the state assembly, while remaining far more substantial for senatorial elections. 58 In only one state, Vermont, was a man’s ability to vote completely detached from his financial circumstances.
NATHAN SANFORD, NEW YORK STATE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION, 1821 T HINGS CHANGED RAPIDLY IN THE NEW NATION. The population of the United States was less than four million in 1790; by 1820 it was nearly ten million, and by 1850, more than twenty million. Cities grew, seaboard counties became more densely inhabited, and millions of settlers spilled into the western reaches of Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and the Carolinas. Vast new territories were added by purchase or conquest, and wars were fought against Britain and Mexico.
A Convenient Spy: Wen Ho Lee and the politics of nuclear espionage by Dan Stober