New PDF release: A Distant Light: Scientists and Public Policy

By Henry W. Kendall (auth.), Henry W. Kendall (eds.)

ISBN-10: 0387988335

ISBN-13: 9780387988337

ISBN-10: 1441985077

ISBN-13: 9781441985071

A choice of essays via a Nobel Prize Laureate on quite a lot of severe concerns dealing with the realm, and the position of scientists in fixing those difficulties. Kendall has been heavily concerned with the Union of involved Scientists, a gaggle that started as a casual assocation at MIT in 1969 to protest US involvement in Vietnam and is this day a firm with an annual finances exceeding $6 million, with 100,000 supporters world wide. UCD is at the present time a voice of authority in US executive technology coverage, rather with reference to setting concerns, such a lot lately the global projects on international warming. jointly, those essays signify either the sucessses and screw ups of technological know-how to affect public coverage, the demanding situations dealing with scientists, and gives useful directions for involvement in technological know-how coverage. The essays are approximately chronological, equipped via topic with introductions, starting with the controversies on nuclear energy security and 3 Mile Island,then via sections on nationwide defense concerns, international environmental and source problems,and radioactive cleanup and different present concerns. Kendall's Nobel Prize lecture in addition to a extra well known model thereof can also be incorporated (and is the single particularly technical fabric within the book). The photographs within the ebook are Kendall's, from an 1992 exhibition of his paintings. Henry Kendall was once presented the Nobel Prize in physics (jointly with J.I.Friedman and R.E. Taylor) in 1990 for his examine within the constitution of the proton and netron. In 1969, he was once considered one of a bunch of physicist who based the Union of involved Scientists (UCS) and is at present Chairman of its Board of Directors.

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A steam "bubble," which prevents the emergency core coolant from entering the core). In this event, part or perhaps all of the emergency core coolant will bypass the core and merely flow out the ruptured pipe. NUCLEAR REACfOR SAFETY: AN EVALUATION OF NEW EVIDENCE 33 A good experimental knowledge of both emergency core coolant flow starvation and bypass effects is required if the ability of emergency core cooling to prevent core meltdown is to be relied upon . Our review of AEC and industry safety research, however, indicates that almost no attempt has been made, up until the last few months, to obtain this information, even though, of course, it relates in a vital way to the safety of currently operating and planned reactors.

The aim of these recommendations is to lead to nuclear power generation that is as secure from a hazardous accident as human ingenuity and care can provide. The Consequences of a Major Reactor Accident If the emergency cooling system did not function at all, the core would melt and the molten mass of Zircaloy and V0 2 would collapse and probably melt through the pressure vessel in 30 minutes to 1 hour. G. Lawson, Emergency Core-Cooling Systems for Light-Water-Cooled Power Reactors, Oak Ridge National Laboratories, 1968 (ORNL-NSIC-24), p.

There are differences between the emergency coolant systems of pressurizedwater and boiling-water reactors . The LOFT program results are directly applicable only to pressurized-water reactors. Equivalent tests applicable to boiling-water reactors have not yet been performed. We have, however, found that similar important uncertainties are associated with the emergency systems of both types. The failure of the emergency cooling systems in these preliminary tests indicates the palpable lack of experimental proof of ECC' s reliability.

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A Distant Light: Scientists and Public Policy by Henry W. Kendall (auth.), Henry W. Kendall (eds.)

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